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PHPExcel在TP3.2下使用方法

作者:小萝卜 2019-11-21 浏览 1085

简介第一:你要去PHPExcel官网下载,然后放到网站的Vendor文件夹下面。当然这是为了好管理和导入。你放在其他位置也没有关系。 第二:当然是在你需要的地方写代码。我只写样例,你看懂了就可以灵活的使用。

第一:你要去PHPExcel官网下载,然后放到网站的Vendor文件夹下面。当然这是为了好管理和导入。你放在其他位置也没有关系。

 

第二:当然是在你需要的地方写代码。我只写样例,你看懂了就可以灵活的使用。

 
 vendor("PHPExcel.PHPExcel");//如果这里提示类不存在,肯定是你文件夹名字不对。
          $objPHPExcel = new PHPExcel();//这里要注意‘’ 要有这个。因为版本是3.1.2了。
          $objWriter = new PHPExcel_Writer_Excel5($objPHPExcel);//设置保存版本格式
//接下来就是写数据到表格里面去
$list =你从数据库查出来的的数据
 foreach ($list as $key => $value) {
                  $i=$key+1;//表格是从1开始的
                  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A'.$i,  $value['name']);//这里是设置A1单元格的内容
                  $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B'.$i,  $value['id']);////这里是设置B1单元格的内容
                  //以此类推,可以设置C D E F G看你需要了。
                  
}
//接下来当然是下载这个表格了,在浏览器输出就好了
          header("Pragma: public");
          header("Expires: 0");
          header("Cache-Control:must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0");
          header("Content-Type:application/force-download");
          header("Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-execl");
          header("Content-Type:application/octet-stream");
          header("Content-Type:application/download");;
          header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=文件名称.xls');
          header("Content-Transfer-Encoding:binary");
          $objWriter->save('文件名称.xls');
          $objWriter->save('php://output');
 

第三 : 上面只是完成了流程而已。但是不可能这样简单而已。我们可以设置很多东西。看自己需要来设置了。

 
//设置excel的属性:
//创建人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCreator("Maarten Balliauw");
//最后修改人
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setLastModifiedBy("Maarten Balliauw");
//标题
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setTitle("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
//题目
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setSubject("Office 2007 XLSX Test Document");
//描述
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setDescription("Test document for Office 2007 XLSX, generated using PHP classes.");
//关键字
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setKeywords("office 2007 openxml php");
//种类
$objPHPExcel->getProperties()->setCategory("Test result file");
//设置当前的sheet
$objPHPExcel->setActiveSheetIndex(0);
//设置sheet的name
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setTitle('Simple');
//设置单元格的值
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A1', 'String');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A2', 12);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('A3', true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('C5', '=SUM(C2:C4)');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->setCellValue('B8', '=MIN(B2:C5)');
//合并单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->mergeCells('A18:E22');
//分离单元格
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->unmergeCells('A28:B28');
//保护cell
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getProtection()->setSheet(true); // Needs to be set to true in order to enable any worksheet protection!
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->protectCells('A3:E13', 'PHPExcel');
//设置格式
// Set cell number formats
echo date('H:i:s') . " Set cell number formatsn";
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(PHPExcel_Style_NumberFormat::FORMAT_CURRENCY_EUR_SIMPLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->duplicateStyle( $objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4'), 'E5:E13' );
//设置宽width
// Set column widths
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getColumnDimension('D')->setWidth(12);
//设置font
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setName('Candara');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setSize(20);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->setUnderline(PHPExcel_Style_Font::UNDERLINE_SINGLE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E1')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB(PHPExcel_Style_Color::COLOR_WHITE);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getFont()->setBold(true);
//设置align
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D11')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D12')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_RIGHT);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setHorizontal(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::HORIZONTAL_JUSTIFY);
//垂直居中
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A18')->getAlignment()->setVertical(PHPExcel_Style_Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER);
//设置column的border
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('C4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E4')->getBorders()->getTop()->setBorderStyle(PHPExcel_Style_Border::BORDER_THIN);
//设置border的color
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getLeft()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('D13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getTop()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getBottom()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('E13')->getBorders()->getRight()->getColor()->setARGB('FF993300');
//设置填充颜色
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('A1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->setFillType(PHPExcel_Style_Fill::FILL_SOLID);
$objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet()->getStyle('B1')->getFill()->getStartColor()->setARGB('FF808080');
//加图片
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Logo');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Logo');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/officelogo.jpg');
$objDrawing->setHeight(36);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
$objDrawing = new PHPExcel_Worksheet_Drawing();
$objDrawing->setName('Paid');
$objDrawing->setDescription('Paid');
$objDrawing->setPath('./images/paid.png');
$objDrawing->setCoordinates('B15');
$objDrawing->setOffsetX(110);
$objDrawing->setRotation(25);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setVisible(true);
$objDrawing->getShadow()->setDirection(45);
$objDrawing->setWorksheet($objPHPExcel->getActiveSheet());
处理中文输出问题

需要将字符串转化为UTF-8编码,才能正常输出,否则中文字符将输出为空白,如下处理:

$str  = iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);

或者你可以写一个函数专门处理中文字符串:

function convertUTF8($str)

{

   if(empty($str)) return '';

   return  iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $str);

}

本人转自http://www.liaoxiansheng.cn/?p=91

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